Tuesday, 25 October 2016

Researchers(and others!) Pet Hobby horses to Advance Smoking Cessation

 One observation that I have discovered over the last 4+ years(since stopping smoking), is the  illogical advancement of one cessation method over another ......I am excluding e-cigarettes and smokeless tobacco products from this debate (for now)

My early-teen smoking experiences were with Capstan Full Strength, Players Navy Cut or woe betide  me Woodbine, these were all unfiltered cigarettes and all very high nicotine (and tar) products. After trying a few filtered products, I found I preferred to use them, not for any notional tar -reduction but the fact that I didn't get a mouthful of fine tobacco, if I was careless placing between my lips.

 For 40+ years I happily puffed away in blissful ignorance of the so called science surrounding the filter apart from the very brief experience of  using Silk Cut which I found worse than useless, and either covered up the filter perforation holes or removed it entirely.

I make no apologies for giving you a potted version of the Beard smoking history, especially when the latest hobbyhorse from some quarters is the Very Low Nicotine Cigarette(VLNC) advanced by such groups  as Aspire 2025 , Tobacco Free Kids , Truth Initiative (formerly the Legacy Foundatiom) , Centre for Tobacco Control and Research at UCSF  

The reasoning behind VLNC is eviscerated by Dr M Siegel here 

Why do certain researchers and institutions come down in favour of one method,when as anyone who has gone through the experience of stopping smoking, can give a very detailed account of what worked for them, imagine a smokers version of 'The Wisdom of Crowds'!A cocktail of varied methods is the solution, humans tend to be like that -we respond differently to stimuli,some are more appealing and effective than others.

Clearly no coercion or nagging should be involved in smoking cessation, smokers have a very strong and well deserved reputation of 'digging their heels in'

From this authors point of view, simply give smokers  detailed,truthful, factual advice(if requested by them!). Also as wide an assortment of attractive smoking alternatives as possible, plus the traditional NRT and medications readily available, and simply allow freedom of choice.

Why should that be such a difficult concept? It is beyond my comprehension how and why puritanical approaches exist in a supposedly sophisticated 21st Century, tolerance,empathy and understanding appears in short supply whenever nicotine is the subject.

ps this excellent article further highlights the folly of VLNC  via Prof Lynn Kozlowski here 

Further updated with the announcement from the FDA critiqued by Clive Bates here  and from previously here

The very concept of VLNC is totally flawed,

1) Existing smokers have largely ignored VLNC forerunners(lights) in the past,what will make that change?  the market should not have government intervention when the harmful constituents in smoking are the smoke and tar, not the nicotine.

2) 'None of the pleasure for all of the harms' is the answer from any existing or ex-smoker who universally think this approach doomed to failure.

3) Maybe greatly increased harm to existing smokers due to compensatory additional smoking to obtain desired nicotine levels.

4) Black market would most definitely thrive if VLNC forcibly introduced

*** Jacob Sullum advances these arguments far more coherently   ***

5) Adolescent access to the 'scourge' of nicotine would not be addressed by this - they are resourceful!

6) There is a wealth of knowledge from 'laypersons' ie existing or former smokers that could and should be consulted (not lip-service) by researchers if they are wanting practical solutions that would have the chance of success.

7) I strongly suspect that VLNC has zero support from genuine smoking cessation 'experts', in my opinion it has been well- funded 'research' to support a pre-determined policy position(anti-nicotine) from the likes of the FDA (NIH) and WHO, with no genuine smoking cessation intentions. ie PURE IDEOLOGY

8) Watching two GFN video which are complementary towards VLNC  are here by Donny and by Hufford  present a somewhat compelling case, if taken in association. They present a solution that may be workable, but at what cost to freedom of choice towards existing smokers, this confuses this author greatly, as it's a moral minefield.

9) Apologies to any reader getting this far, this blog was written months ago,and updated at least 3 times, so it may well appear very disjointed with a mish-mash of thoughts and facts tossed in at random

10) Highlighting the problem of the above point, If VLNC is to be a success, I believe they could be introduced with a huge financial incentive(ie very much cheaper), a refund of the costs of using (if cessation demonstrated at say 12 months), but most decidedly no coercion towards smokers.

 Finally,talking of hobby-horses and ideology I really cannot forget the retired Sydney pensioner who eschews and denigrates anything other than 'cold-turkey',despite its abysmal success rate. He as per usual uses deception to advance his theory 'unassisted cessation remained the preferred and most successful method among smokers' - It is the most used method, but most definitely the least successful method, despite desperate attempts by colleagues to demonstrate otherwise who merely observed in their telephone survey of 1097 that 'cold-turkey' was most used.

Rightful Anger and Bewilderment at Lack of Support towards A Billion Lives Screenings

This is a painful post to contemplate writing anything much positive about the recent UK fiasco regarding A Billion Lives screening applications. Two only, out of many applications have been successful :- Glasgow and Swansea, this is a hugely disappointing result so far and needs sorting out quickly

Simon Clark from Forest wrote this damning indictment  which is a very powerful summary, however a few points are inaccurate and in need of correction.

he states 1)...'Vapers have also risen to the challenge in Wales with a screening in Swansea on November 23 almost certain to reach its target thanks to Vapers In Power (Wales) and some local vape stores.' 

The 2 nominated persons associated with the screening and leading driving forces were Simon Thurlow(NNA trustee) and Rhydian Mann(NNA Associate and VIP member). VIP were also heavily involved to make this a success. 

another here 

 2) 'With a few noted exceptions I'm astounded the UK's leading vaping advocates have shown so little interest in organising their own screening or promoting someone else's. (The occasional tweet doesn't count. Getting out of bed takes more effort.)' 

This appears to be a direct 'dig' at the NNA, I will not spend too long on dismissing this ridiculous slur, ALL of the NNA consumer Trustees  + many of the Associates have actively campaigned and participated in organising screenings -  eg see David Dorn,Andy Morrison,Dave Kitson in action at the NEC in front of hundreds of Vapers at a recent event.(sadly no link)

3) ''I've lost count of the number of UK-based bodies that advocate vaping, some of them funded by the e-cigarette industry. Where is their 'Jeff Stier'? Where is their planning committee?'' 

I replied to Simon on his blog regarding this ambiguous statement which is open to many interpretations. To clarify, no consumer organisation receives any funding from the e-cigarette industry 

However, all of the above 3 points are relative nit-picking on my part :- the undeniable fact is that screening numbers have been hugely disappointing. 

Apathy and calls to make the screening available for free on the internet have abounded,but I personally think that local organisers maybe grossly underestimated what was required of them(this is not meant as criticism,just an observation). Following disappointing stories I along with others have assembled a guide to help future screening organisation see  here, but it is clearly obvious that 'we' are novices at organising and marshalling the necessary interest due to inexperience in such matters, we are not PR experts!). Another walkthrough guide is here  (but this doesn't give the nuts n bolts of how to do it successfully)

Enough of this reflection and negativity, hopefully anyone contemplating organising a screening will give the matter some serious thought before blindly blundering in on a tidal wave of enthusiasm and give the matter due diligence 

This documentary is a game changer, WE all have to up our game to give it the necessary attention to make it the success it deserves